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Home  >  Journal list  >  Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan  >  Vol.118  No.1380 (August) (2010)  >  pp.674-678

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
<<Previous article Vol.118  No.1380 (August) (2010)   pp.674 - 678 Next article>>

Characterization of barium titanate nanoparticles and dense nanograin free-standing films via sol–gel method using highly concentrated alkoxide solution

Hirokazu SHIMOOKA1), Shigemi KOHIKI1) and Makoto KUWABARA2)
1) Department of Applied Chemistry, Kyushu Institute of Technology
2) Professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo

  This paper reports on two topics regarding nanosized barium titanate (BaTiO3) prepared by the sol–gel method using a highly concentrated alkoxides precursor solution. One topic concerns the crystallographic features of the BaTiO3 nanoparticles. In the case of using a highly concentrated precursor solution, non-core–shell BaTiO3 nanocrystals with a small amount of intraparticle voids, lattice hydroxyl groups and remaining alkoxy groups were efficiently generated by the addition of less excess water during aging at room temperature. The generation of the high-quality BaTiO3 nanocrystals is considered to be due to the hydrolysis and polycondensation reaction of the alkoxides being well promoted in such a concentrated solution. The lattice volume of the BaTiO3 nanocrystals with a crystallite size of 15 nm fired at 600°C was approximately 1 vol % larger than that of bulk crystal. This lattice expansion is more likely to be caused by an intrinsic size effect than an extrinsic effect due to the lattice defects, such as lattice hydroxyl groups. The other topic concerns the dielectric properties of dense nanograin free-standing films with a grain size of 57 nm after applying the same sol–gel method. Significant frequency dispersion behavior of dissipation factor was observed at temperatures less than the Curie temperature. This finding may indicate that the dielectric properties reflect an intrinsic grain size effect without any influence being attributed to the film/substrate interface or lattice defects.

Barium Titanate, Sol–gel method, Nanograin, Free-standing film, Dielectric property

Received: April 30, 2010
Accepted: July 15, 2010 , Published online: August 01, 2010
Copyright (c) 2010 The Ceramic Society of Japan



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