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Home  >  Journal list  >  MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS  >  Vol.49  No.4 (2008)  >  pp.829-834

<<Previous article Vol.49  No.4 (2008)   pp.829 - 834 Next article>>

Reduction of Functionally Graded Material Layers for Si3N4-Al2O3 System Using Three-Dimensional Finite Element Modeling

Jae Chul Lee3), Jong Ha Park1), Sae Hee Ryu1), Hyun Jung Hong1)2), Doh Hyung Riu2), Sung Hoon Ahn3) and Caroline Sunyong Lee1)
1) Division of Materials and Chemical Engineering Hanyang University
2) Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology
3) School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Institute of Advanced Machinery and Design, Seoul National University

Numerical analysis method was used to reduce the number of functionally graded material (FGM) layers for joining Si3N4-Al2O3 using polytypoid interlayer by estimating the position of crack. In the past, hot press sintering of multi-layered FGMs with 20 layers of thickness 500 μm each have been fabricated successfully. In this paper, thermal residual stresses were calculated using finite element method (FEM) to find the optimized number of layers and its thicknesses of FGM joint. The number of layers for FGM was reduced to 15 layers from 20 layers. Thicknesses were varied to minimize residual stresses within the layers while reducing the number of FGM layers. The damage caused by thermal residual stress was estimated using maximum principal stress theory and maximum tensile stress theory. The calculated maximum stress was found to be axial stress of 430 MPa around 90% 12H/10% Al2O3 area. For each case, calculated strength of each FGM layer by linear rule of mixture was compared with computed thermal residual stresses. Thermal analysis results correctly predicted the position of crack, and this position agreed well with fabricated joints. Therefore, this numerical analysis method can be applied to reduced FGM layers of crack free joint. Finally, new composition profile of crack free joint was proposed using FGM method.

functionally graded material (FGM), finite element method (FEM), thermal residual stress, linear mixture rule, maximum tensile stress theory, maximum principal stress theory

Received: December 11, 2007
Accepted: February 04, 2008 , Published online: March 25, 2008
Copyright (c) 2008 The Japan Institute of Metals



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