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Home  >  Journal list  >  Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan  >  Vol.122  No.1427 (July) (2014)  >  pp.570-573

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
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New processing method for tungsten carbide nano-crystalline particles and nano structural carbon via polyacrylonitrile gasification

Takamasa ONOKI1), Yutaka SHINODA2), Takashi AKATSU2), Fumihiro WAKAI2)
1) Department of Materials Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University 2) Materials and Structure Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology

A simple processing route has been developed for a nano-sized crystalline tungsten mono-carbide (WC) and a novel nano-structural carbon materials. Starting materials for WC synthesis were selected tungstic acid (H2WO4) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) powders. The starting powders were heat-treated at 1200°C for 30 min with a nitorgen gas flow in an alumina tube. The acquired WC powder had a nano-sized crystalline and high-specific surface area (26.0 m2 g−1). Crystallite diameter size was estimated to less than 20 nm. Compared with theoretical value, approximately 2.0 mass % of free carbon was measured in the prepared WC. It was observed that layered graphitic carbon was formed around the WC particles. If the graphitic carbon is separated from the WC particles by appropriate techniques or processing conditions, these techniques using PAN as a carbon source may have possibility for processing not only WC but also nano-structural carbon materials such as graphene.

Cemented carbide, Catalyst, Graphene

Received: January 15, 2014
Accepted: May 10, 2014 , Published online: July 01, 2014
Copyright © 2014 The Ceramic Society of Japan



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