You are not logged in Total: 7journals, 20,687articles Online
AccountAccount
Login / Register
Forgot Login?
 
Main menuMain menu
What's new
Journal list
Visiting ranking
Phrase ranking
Polls
About us
 
SearchSearch
 
Journal Site
Advanced Search
 

Home  >  Journal list  >  Polymer Journal  >  Vol.50  No.1 (2018)  >  pp.3-20

Polymer Journal
<<Previous article Vol.50  No.1 (2018)   pp.3 - 20 Next article>>

Diels-Alder polymerization: a versatile synthetic method toward functional polyphenylenes, ladder polymers and graphene nanoribbons

Ian Cheng-Yi Hou, Yunbin Hu, Akimitsu Narita & Klaus Mullen
Ian Cheng-Yi Hou
Department of Synthetic Chemistry, Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz, Germany
Yunbin Hu
Department of Synthetic Chemistry, Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz, Germany
Akimitsu Narita
Department of Synthetic Chemistry, Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz, Germany
Klaus Müllen
Department of Synthetic Chemistry, Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz, Germany
Institute of Physical Chemistry, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany

The Diels-Alder reaction has been widely used in synthetic organic chemistry since its discovery in 1928. The catalyst-free nature, functional group tolerance and high efficiency of the Diels-Alder reaction also make it promising for the fabrication of functional polymeric materials. In particular, a large variety of functional polyphenylenes (polymer structures mainly consisting of phenylenes) and ladder polymers (double-stranded polymers with periodic linkages connecting the strands) have been obtained by this method, offering potential applications such as polymer electrolyte membranes and gas separation. More recently, tailor-made polyphenylenes prepared by Diels?Alder polymerization have been used as precursors of structurally well-defined graphene nanoribbons (ribbon-shaped nanometer-wide graphene segments) with different widths, exhibiting long lengths (>600 nm) and tunable electronic bandgaps. This article provides a comprehensive review of the use of Diels-Alder polymerization to build functional polyphenylenes, ladder polymers and graphene nanoribbons.


Keyword:
Polymer synthesis, Synthesis of graphene

Received: August 17, 2017 , Revised: August 26, 2017
Accepted: August 30, 2017 , Published online: November 01, 2017

NatureAbstract (Nature)


SPARC Japan

Terms of Use | Privacy Policy