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Home  >  Journal list  >  Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan  >  Vol.55  No.3 (2006)  >  pp.258-263

Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
<<Previous article Vol.55  No.3 (2006)   pp.258 - 263 Next article>>

Fabrication of Meta-Stable Monoclinic Zirconia Ceramics with a High Density Using a Piston-Cylinder Type High-Pressure Apparatus

Katsuya TAKAOKA1), Ken HIROTA1), Masaki KATO1), Osamu YAMAGUCHI1) and Satoshi OHTAKA2)
1) Dept. of Mole. Sci. & Tech., Doshisha Univ.
2) Dept. of Earth and Space Sci., Graduate School of Sci., Osaka Univ.


Single phase m-ZrO2 ceramics (∼13mmφ and 3-5mmt) have been fabricated using a piston-cylinder type high-pressure apparatus under 1GPa at 1023-1173K, in which a newly developed high-pressure cell has been utilized to introduce pseudo-isostatic pressure. Starting material, meta-stable m-ZrO2 powder prepared via a sol-gel method, was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Dense ceramics sintered at 1123K, free from macro-cracks, showed a high relative density of ∼ 99.5% and homogeneous microstructures consisting of fine grains (∼1μm). In-situ XRD analysis under high pressures and temperatures revealed that m- to t-ZrO2 transition took place around 1123K under 1GPa. Mechanical properties of m-ZrO2 ceramics have been evaluated ; the maximum values of bending strength (σb = 520MPa), Vickers hardness (Hv = 9.8GPa), and fracture toughness (KIC = 3.9MPa·m1/2) were achieved at the samples fabricated at 1123K.


Keyword:
High-pressure sintering, Zirconia (Zirconium oxide), Pseudo-isostatic pressure, in-situ XRD analysis, mechanical properties

Received: June 13, 2005
Published online: April 26, 2006
Copyright (c) 2006 by The Society of Materials Science, Japan

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