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Home  >  Journal list  >  Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan  >  Vol.118  No.1380 (August) (2010)  >  pp.711-716

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
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Effect of Mn doping on the leakage current and polarization properties in K0.14Na0.86NbO3 ferroelectric single crystals

Yuji NOGUCHI1) and Masaru MIYAYAMA1)
1) Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo

  Single crystals of K0.14Na0.86NbO3 (KNN) and Mn-substituted KNN (Mn-KNN, K0.14Na0.86Mn0.005Nb0.995Oy) were grown by a flux method, and the effects of Mn substitution on the leakage current, polarization and dielectric properties were investigated along [100]cubic. As-grown and annealed (850°C in air) crystals did not show an apparent polarization hysteresis loop due to its large leakage current density (∼10−3 A/cm2). The annealing at 1100°C in air led to a marked decrease in leakage current density of the order of ∼10−6 A/cm2 for KNN crystals. Mn-KNN crystals annealed at 1100°C in air exhibited a low leakage current density of ∼10−8 A/cm2. Electron spin resonance measurements and defect chemistry analysis show that the average valence increase of Mn by oxidation treatment (the annealing in air) absorbs electron hole, the carrier of the leakage current, which is suggested to be the origin of the low leakage current observed for Mn-KNN crystals.

Ferroelectric, Defect, KNN, Piezoelectric, Single crystal

Received: April 27, 2010
Accepted: July 15, 2010 , Published online: August 01, 2010
Copyright (c) 2010 The Ceramic Society of Japan



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