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Home  >  Journal list  >  Polymer Journal  >  Vol.43  No.3 (2011)  >  pp.242-248

Polymer Journal
<<Previous article Vol.43  No.3 (2011)   pp.242 - 248 Next article>>

Structural effects of polyethers and ionic liquids in their binary mixtures on lower critical solution temperature liquid-liquid phase separation

Koichi Kodama1, Ryohei Tsuda1, Kazuyuki Niitsuma1, Takashi Tamura1, Takeshi Ueki1, Hisashi Kokubo1 and Masayoshi Watanabe1
1Department of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Japan

The solubility and phase behavior of five polyethers (poly(ethylene oxide), poly(glycidyl methyl ether), poly(ethyl glycidyl ether), poly(ethoxyethyl glycidyl ether) and poly(propylene oxide)) in 14 different room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) were studied by changing the structures of polyethers and the cations and anions in the ILs. Certain combinations of a polyether and an IL binary mixture exhibited lower critical solution temperature (LCST) phase behavior. For ILs containing the same anions, the polyethers were highly soluble in imidazolium- or pyridinium-based ILs, whereas they were insoluble in ammonium- or phosphonium-based ILs. An increase in length of the alkyl chain in the imidazolium cation and an increase in polarity of the polyethers resulted in a higher LCST phase separation temperature, whereas substitution of the hydrogen atoms on the imidazolium ring by methyl groups resulted in a lower LCST phase separation temperature. The hydrogen bonding interaction between the oxygen atoms in the polyethers and the aromatic hydrogen atoms on the cations in the ILs had an important role in the LCST phase behavior of the mixtures. Miscibility of the mixtures was also affected by the Lewis basicity of the anions in the ILs.


Keyword:
hydrogen bonding interaction; ionic liquid; lower critical solution temperature; phase separation; polyether

Received: October 23, 2010 , Revised: November 29, 2010
Accepted: December 10, 2010 , Published online: January 19, 2011
© 2011 The Society of Polymer Science, Japan

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