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Home  >  Journal list  >  Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Supplement 112-1, PacRim5 Special Issue  >  Vol.112  19. Cement-based Materials  >  pp.S1296-S1303

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Supplement 112-1, PacRim5 Special Issue
<<Previous article Vol.112  19. Cement-based Materials   pp.S1296 - S1303 Next article>>

Effect of Cement Characteristics on the Setting Behavior of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete

Yoshimichi AONO1), Sumio SHIBATA1), Shoji FUTAKI1), Tatsuo IKABATA2) and Hideshi YOSHIDA2)
1) Research and Development Center, Sumitomo Metal Mining Siporex CO., LTD.
2) Cement/Concrete Research Laboratory, Sumitomo Osaka Cement CO., LTD.


  A cement suitable for the Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) was developed. The cement in which the C3S, fineness (Blaine), and hemihydrate (H)/gypsum (G) ratio (H/(H+G)) changed was produced experimentally. Using this cement, the effect of the cementitious property on the viscosity of the AAC slurry and the hardening of the AAC green cake was clarified. Though H/(H+G) influences viscosity, C3S and Blaine do not. On hardening, it quickens, as C3S is more abounding as Blaine is higher, and as H/(H+G) is lower. Since the cuttable time shortens on Blaine 4300 cm2/g, and H/(H+G)=0% is not desirable. The effect of H/(H+G) on slurry viscosity and hardening was regarded as the reactivity of C3A and generation of the ettringite. The hydration temperature of the cement in AAC is higher than ordinary cement paste, and the rapid supply of SO4 2- from hemihydrate of which the solubility is high is required, since the hydration of C3A is extremely active. The characteristic of the cement suitable for AAC consists like as follows; a) HC with many C3S is made as a base. b) The Blaine is desirable at around 3800 cm2/g. c) Hemihydrate and gypsum are coexistence. The adaptability was confirmed by the factory scale test.


Keyword:
Cement, AAC, C3S, Hemihydrate, Gypsum, Blaine, Viscosity, Hardening

Received: August 04, 2003
Accepted: December 10, 2003 , Published online: September 29, 2004
Copyright (c) 2004 The Ceramic Society of Japan

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